Double Tax Agreement Uk Norway

Double Tax Agreement UK Norway: Benefits and Implications

The Double Tax Agreement (DTA) between the United Kingdom (UK) and Norway is a bilateral agreement that aims to combat double taxation and promote economic growth between the two countries. The agreement was signed in 1969, and it came into effect in 1971. Since then, it has undergone several revisions, but its fundamental objectives remain the same. This article explores the benefits and implications of the Double Tax Agreement UK Norway.

Overview of the Double Tax Agreement UK Norway

The DTA between the UK and Norway is based on the model convention of the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD). It covers various types of taxes, including income tax, corporation tax, and capital gains tax, among others. The agreement seeks to eliminate or reduce double taxation by allocating taxing rights between the two countries.

Benefits of the DTA

The Double Tax Agreement UK Norway has several benefits for individuals and businesses in both countries. Some of the benefits include:

1. Avoidance of Double Taxation

One of the primary benefits of the DTA is that it helps to avoid double taxation. This occurs when the same income is taxed in both the UK and Norway. Under the agreement, individuals and companies are only taxed in the country where the income is sourced. This reduces the tax burden and promotes cross-border trade and investment.

2. Reduced Withholding Tax Rates

The DTA reduces the withholding tax rates on dividends, interest, and royalties paid between the two countries. This means that businesses can retain a greater portion of their income, which can be reinvested into their operations. For instance, the withholding tax rate on dividends is reduced from 15% to 0%, while that of interest is reduced from 20% to 0%.

3. Permanent Establishment Relief

The agreement provides relief for companies that establish a permanent presence in either country. Such companies are entitled to certain tax benefits, such as deductions for expenses and reduced tax rates on profits.

4. Certainty and Predictability

The DTA provides certainty and predictability for taxpayers in both countries. This means that they can plan their investments and operations with confidence, knowing that they will not face unexpected tax liabilities or penalties.

Implications of the DTA

While the Double Tax Agreement UK Norway has several benefits, it also has some implications for taxpayers. Some of the implications include:

1. Compliance Obligations

The DTA imposes compliance obligations on taxpayers who are subject to tax in both countries. This means that they have to file tax returns, pay taxes, and comply with other tax laws and regulations in both jurisdictions. Failure to do so can result in penalties and other legal consequences.

2. Anti-Avoidance Provisions

The agreement contains anti-avoidance provisions that prevent taxpayers from abusing its provisions. These provisions are designed to prevent tax evasion and ensure that the benefits of the DTA are only available to genuine taxpayers.


The Double Tax Agreement UK Norway is an essential bilateral agreement that promotes cross-border trade and investment between the two countries. Its many benefits include the avoidance of double taxation, reduced withholding tax rates, permanent establishment relief, and certainty and predictability for taxpayers. However, taxpayers must also be aware of their compliance obligations and anti-avoidance provisions to avoid legal consequences.